4/5 Class: Preschool Ages Four to Five

Preschool Socializing

Pre-K at CSG

Pre-K girls continue with the same teachers they had in our 3/4 program, so the teachers and students have the opportunity to begin their second year with an established home/school relationship. As the class size expands, the environment and community are prepared for welcoming new girls into the preschool program.

Materials are used as a tool for expression and problem solving, and new materials continue to be introduced. Preschool girls participate in physical education, including a swimming unit. Social relationships continue to grow and longer sustained focus, persistence and thinking and managing more independently develop. Students are encouraged to ask questions, hypothesize and problem solve independently and collaboratively. More in depth project work takes place which can include additional field trips to support learning.

Social Emotional Development

The power to learn is emotionally-based. Social and emotional learning is the process through which children and adults develop the skills, attitudes and values necessary to understand an manage life tasks such as cognitive learning, forming relationships and adapting to the demands of growing up in today’s complex society.

Preschool students continue to develop their social emotional learning in this program through forming relationships and developing new social skills with their classmates.

Physical Development

The Program for Young Children physical education experience focuses on the development of both fine and gross motor skills by exploring body movement through a variety of learning styles. Preschool students are introduced to locomotor, non-locomotor, manipulative concepts, and muscular strength and fitness activities in both individual and cooperative learning environments. Basic life skills are also introduced and practiced throughout the program. The use of imagination and creativity are woven within each unit in the curriculum to make concepts age appropriate and fun. Swimming is the longest unit during the year where the girls have the opportunity to explore their comfort level in the water, are introduced to water safety, and learn basic swim strokes. The 4/5 class and the 5/6 class attend physical education classes twice out of the six-day rotation for forty minutes throughout the entire school year.

The 4/5 experiences and concepts within physical education are teacher driven and focus on a single-skill per lesson throughout the first semester. The goal is for the girls to gain confidence in their abilities and continue to build their skills while having fun and making connections to lifetime activities and sports. Health and wellness plays a large role in the content of each lesson and how it is presented to the students. Endurance is a term used often during the warm-up portion of class where the girls learn about pacing themselves while jogging and performing other locomotor skills such as fast walking, running, galloping, skipping, sliding, marching, hopping, jumping, rolling, and crawling. The majority of the year is spent in the gymnasium where the students experience and practice many different concepts such as:

  • underhand and overhand throwing, catching with and without implements
  • movement patterns and dance, basic yoga skills
  • bounce and catch tasks, dribbling exploration (hands and feet), kicking skills
  • striking skills with implements
  • roping skills
  • scooter exploration
  • introduction to personal fitness and wellness
  • cooperation, team work, listening to and following directions
Towards the end of the school year the girls will participate in a swimming unit. They will be introduced to many different concepts and experiences in the pool and locker room such as dressing and undressing oneself, pool rules, water readiness, entering and exiting water, use of personal floatation devises, water safety, and basic swim strokes.

Approach to Learning

Our preschool continues with the unique approach to learning started in our 3/4 program.

The early years are important years for all aspects of development. Children’s natural dispositions to be intellectually curious and to investigate their environment emerge. (Katz, 1995) They learn about tools such as reading and writing and become motivated to develop and use a wide variety of related skills. It is important that they an opportunity to experience active, engaged learning. While academic goals address small units of knowledge and skills, intellectual goals address dispositions; that is, habits of mind that include a variety of tendencies to interpret experience. (Katz,1993)

Expressive Language Arts

Classroom experiences are integrated and focused to provide students with many opportunities to speak, listen read, write, and express ideas through a multitude of avenues. Teachers assist children to focus on the conventions of written English as is developmentally appropriate. They also work with individual students, small groups, and, as appropriate, larger classroom groups to help children identify the function of print and symbols to convey ideas and express thoughts in a concrete permanent form.

Reading readiness research has demonstrated the importance of the following prerequisite skills in the acquisition of reading and spelling skills:
  • Phonological/Phonemic Awareness
  • Letter recognition
  • Sound-symbol correspondences (alphabetic principle)
  • Oral language
Through an integrated approach, children have experience in oral language; asking and answering questions about a text, retelling familiar stories and telling own stories, letter recognition, phonological and phonemic awareness and handwriting.


Through classroom activities and projects, children count orally and count objects using one-to-one correspondence. They recognize, compare, and order whole numbers and explore shapes, patterns and sequences and demonstrate an understanding of positional and directional words.


In the PYC, the teachers recognize, foster, and challenge children’s natural curiosity and innate sense of inquiry. Children and teachers work collaboratively to co-construct knowledge. Together, they use their senses and scientific equipment to observe, hypothesize, experiment, and analyze to establish science as an exciting, useful, and enjoyable way to learn and relate to the world.

In the classroom and beyond, children explore and experiment with the properties of building materials, sketch objects and communicate findings in familiar and unfamiliar places and engages with care, respect, and curiosity within the entire CSG outdoor campus.

Social Studies

Through a variety of authentic experiences, children investigate the language of time, develop an understanding that maps and globes can be useful for finding places and learning about culture, geography and time zones. Through classroom and school experiences, the children understand and demonstrate the actions of a good classmate and community member.