In the 4 /5 class, the teachers have the opportunity to begin their second year with an established home/school relationship. As the class size expands, the environment and community are prepared for welcoming new girls into the class. Materials are used as a tool for expression and problem solving, and new materials continue to be introduced. All girls participate in physical education, including a swimming unit. Social relationships continue to grow and longer sustained focus, persistence and thinking and managing more independently develop. Students are encouraged to ask questions, hypothesize and problem solve independently and collaboratively. More in depth project work takes place which can include additional field trips to support learning.
- Social Emotional Development
- Physical Development
- Approach to Learning
- Expressive Language Arts
- Social Studies
The power to learn is emotionally-based. Social and emotional learning is the process through which children and adults develop the skills, attitudes and values necessary to understand an manage life tasks such as cognitive learning, forming relationships and adapting to the demands of growing up in today’s complex society.
The Program for Young Children physical education experience focuses on the development of both fine and gross motor skills by exploring body movement through a variety of learning styles. Students are introduced to locomotor, non-locomotor, manipulative concepts, and muscular strength and fitness activities in both individual and cooperative learning environments. Basic life skills are also introduced and practiced throughout the program. The use of imagination and creativity are woven within each unit in the curriculum to make concepts age appropriate and fun. Swimming is the longest unit during the year where the girls have the opportunity to explore their comfort level in the water, are introduced to water safety, and learn basic swim strokes. The 4/5 class and the 5/6 class attend physical education classes twice out of the six-day rotation for forty minutes throughout the entire school year.
The 4/5 experiences and concepts within physical education are teacher driven and focus on a single-skill per lesson throughout the first semester. The goal is for the girls to gain confidence in their abilities and continue to build their skills while having fun and making connections to lifetime activities and sports. Health and wellness plays a large role in the content of each lesson and how it is presented to the students. Endurance is a term used often during the warm-up portion of class where the girls learn about pacing themselves while jogging and performing other locomotor skills such as fast walking, running, galloping, skipping, sliding, marching, hopping, jumping, rolling, and crawling. The majority of the year is spent in the gymnasium where the students experience and practice many different concepts such as:
- underhand and overhand throwing, catching with and without implements
- movement patterns and dance, basic yoga skills
- bounce and catch tasks, dribbling exploration (hands and feet), kicking skills
- striking skills with implements
- roping skills
- scooter exploration
- introduction to personal fitness and wellness
- cooperation, team work, listening to and following directions
The early years are important years for all aspects of development. Children’s natural dispositions to be intellectually curious and to investigate their environment emerge. (Katz, 1995) They learn about tools such as reading and writing and become motivated to develop and use a wide variety of related skills. It is important that they an opportunity to experience active, engaged learning. While academic goals address small units of knowledge and skills, intellectual goals address dispositions; that is, habits of mind that include a variety of tendencies to interpret experience. (Katz,1993)
Reading readiness research has demonstrated the importance of the following prerequisite skills in the acquisition of reading and spelling skills:
- Phonological/Phonemic Awareness
- Letter recognition
- Sound-symbol correspondences (alphabetic principle)
- Oral language
In the PYC, the teachers recognize, foster, and challenge children’s natural curiosity and innate sense of inquiry. Children and teachers work collaboratively to co-construct knowledge. Together, they use their senses and scientific equipment to observe, hypothesize, experiment, and analyze to establish science as an exciting, useful, and enjoyable way to learn and relate to the world.
In the classroom and beyond, children explore and experiment with the properties of building materials, sketch objects and communicate findings in familiar and unfamiliar places and engages with care, respect, and curiosity within the entire CSG outdoor campus.
Through a variety of authentic experiences, children investigate the language of time, develop an understanding that maps and globes can be useful for finding places and learning about culture, geography and time zones. Through classroom and school experiences, the children understand and demonstrate the actions of a good classmate and community member.